A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:
The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
Loneliness and secrecy - in several instances addicts might use the substance on their own, or even secretly.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
Neglecting leisure and pastime activities - as the addiction takes its toll, the person might abandon activities that used to be important to him. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
Stashing the substance - an addict might hide small stocks of the substance in unlikely places, like around the house or in the car.
Consuming a dose that is initially larger - this is typical with alcoholism. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.