Learning About Fentanyl
Fentanyl is an opioid pain reliever (OPR), a synthetic pharmaceutical drug, stronger than morphine more than 50 to 100 times. Fentanyl is used to manage severe pain, examples of this is pain resulting from surgery and even pains caused from cancer treatment. The patients who have already built a tolerance to other pain medications are prescribed Fentanyl that is an extremely potent opioid. Its potency implies that there is a high risk of becoming addicted. Taking overdose of the drug may be needed to have the same initial euphoric feeling for those who are addicted to Fentanyl.
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Fentanyl usually meet the needs of the users in a number of forms.
Some popular brand names and forms are
- Actiq - The form of Fentanyl which is available as lozenge placed on a plastic stick taken under tongue just as is the case for a lollipop.
- It has some military applications and is used by patients already on pain-relieving medications.
- Duragesic - It is a Fentanyl patch that was used first in 1990s.
- It is usually prescribed for the management of moderate to severe pain and its effects could be experienced for about 3 days.
- Sublimaze - Usually given in hospitals at times coupled with analgesics, it is the injectable preparation of Fentanyl.
- It is used to handle the pain before and after surgeries.
- Subsys - A sublingual spray that is given under a patient's tongue to result in an immediate relief of pain.
- It's meant for the treatment of breakthrough pain from cancer.
- Abstral - This drug is the tablet equivalent of Fentanyl and is also administered under the tongue to grant relief to people whose bodies do not respond positively to other pain relievers.
- Lazanda - A nasal spray form of Fentanyl that is taken in a similar way to common nasal decongestant spray.
- It is regularly used to manage pain in cancer patients.
Fentanyl blocks the pain receptors in the brain and increases the production of the happiness-inducing chemical dopamine. The Fentanyl street names include China girl, apache, China White, dance fever, crush and TNT.
Seek help now if you or your loved one is abusing Fentanyl.
Effects Of Fentanyl Abuse
Just as is the case for other OPRs, this drug has a high potential of addiction and abuse even if it is a prescription.
Fentanyl epidemic could develop because of the substance's immense potency and addictive potential, this has been cautioned by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Those who take a Fentanyl overdose usually experience a profound euphoria as well as sense of relaxation that is akin to a heroin high.
Some of the symptoms of Fentanyl abuse are
- Laboured breathing
- Feeling weak
- Blurred vision
- Nausea and throwing up
- Skin irritation
Fentanyl abuse is particularly risky for individuals who don't have a tolerance to opioids. The risk of an overdose is increased when an abuser without a tolerance abuses it.
The respiratory system can be depressed to the point of failure, leading to fatal overdose when Fentanyl is abused.
The destructive power of Fentanyl is increased when it is combined with other addictive substances such as cocaine and heroin. Fentanyl is a volatile and potentially lethal drug whether taken as prescribed or abused recreationally.
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Indications Of A Fentanyl Addiction
Fentanyl causes excess amounts of dopamine to flood and chemically alter the brain over time when it impacts the central nervous system to a significant degree. Someone prescribed Fentanyl might become addictive to the drug due to these neurochemical changes and turn to illicit ways of getting it after exhausting their prescribed amount.
OPRs that include Fentanyl could rapidly move from being trivial drugs of abuse to one having a profound addiction.
Given that a number of patients don't accept the fact that Fentanyl is quite addictive, the chances of accidental and intentional abuse are heightened. Some health concerns such as experiencing ill health while quitting the drug and dependence on it have been identified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
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The Treatment Of A Fentanyl Addiction
Though it is unlikely to be life-threatening, quitting Fentanyl by going cold turkey might not be the way to approaching giving up the drug. Stopping the addiction to the drug may bring discomfort for those addicted as they are practically living on it. Inpatient and outpatient resources are offered by specialized treatment centres to help those addicted quit Fentanyl.
Fentanyl withdrawal might vary in the nature of its severity based on the levels of use as well as the preferred form of the drug, this ranges from intense chills, sweating and restlessness.
Though the Fentanyl withdrawal is rarely lethal, chances of a relapse are quite high. The chances of going back to the drug will reduce and recovery will speed up if experienced doctors are present during the recovery process.
Getting Control Is Possible By Calling Us
Your reliance on Fentanyl can be fought even though it may not be an easy ride. There are various support groups across the country to help you overcome your addiction. Start overcoming your addiction now.